Commemorated on September 4
Babyla and with him the 3 Lads Urban, Prilidian, Eppolonias and their Mother
Christodoula died as martyrs under the emperor Decius (249-251). During a
time of his stay at their city of Antioch, the emperor arranged for a large
festival in honour of the pagan gods. During this same time the holy and
God-fearing bishop of Antioch, Babyla, was making Divine Liturgy in church; he
prayed for his flock and taught it bravely to undergo all the tribulations for
the faith in Christ. After his abomination of idol-worship, Decius– wanting to
behold the making of the Divine Mysteries, decided to enter the church and by
his visit to defile the Sanctuary of the Lord. News of this reached the bishop,
and he, not wanting to permit impiety in the temple of God, went out to meet
him and block the path to the church. When the emperor tried to get closer to
the church doors, Saint Babyla shoved him away with his hands, such that the
emperor had to forego his intent. He wanted to take his revenge on the saint
right away, but seeing the large throng of Christians, he feared having them riot.
The next day the
angry emperor gave orders to set fire to the Christian temple, and to bring
Bishop Babyla before him. To the question about why he should insult the
imperial dignity, and not allow the emperor into the church nor render him due
respect of position, the holy bishop answered: "Anyone that would rise up
against God and want to desecrate His sanctuary, – such an one not only is not
worthy of respect, but is become the enemy of the Lord".
The emperor demanded,
that the holy bishop worship the idols and in such manner redeem his offence
against the emperor, or else face execution. But having convinced himself that
the martyr would remain steadfast in his faith, he commanded the
military-commander Victorinus to put him in heavy chains and lead him through
the city in disgrace. To this the holy martyr replied: "Emperor, for me
these chains be as venerable, as for thee is thine imperial crown, and the
suffering for Christ for me is as acceptable, as is the imperial power for
thee; death for the Immortal King for me is as desirable, as thine life be for
At the trial with
Bishop Babyla were three young brothers, who did not forsake him even in this
most difficult moment. Seeing them, the emperor asked: "Who are these
children? " "These are my spiritual children, – answered the saint,
– and I have raised them in piety, I have nourished them with an education,
cultivated them with guidance, and here in a small body before thee are these
great young men and perfect Christians. Test and see".
The emperor tried in
all sorts of ways to entice the youths and their mother Christodoula into a
renunciation of Christ, but in vain. Then in a rage he gave orders to whip each
of them in a number equivalent to their years of age. The first they whipped with
12 blows, the second – 10, and the third – 7. Having dismissed the mother and
children, the torturer again summoned the bishop, telling him that the children
had renounced Christ. But the lie quickly unraveled and brought no success.
Then in a rage he commanded all the martyrs be tied on a tree and burnt at with
fire. But seeing the stoic bravery of the saints, the emperor finally condemned
them to the death of martyrdom by beheading with the sword (+ c. 251).
© 1996-2001 by translator Fr. S. Janos.