Commemorated on October 6
Holy Apostle Thomas was born in the
Galileian city of Pansada and plied the trade of fisherman. Hearing the good
tidings of Jesus Christ, he left all and followed after Him. The Apostle Thomas
is included in the number of the holy Twelve Apostles, the 12 closest disciples
of the Saviour.
the account of Holy Scripture, the holy Apostle Thomas did not believe the
reports of the other disciples about the Resurrection of Jesus Christ:
"Unless I see in His hand the wound of the nail, and place my finger into
the wound of the nail, and place my hand in His side, I shalt not believe"
(Jn. 20: 25). On the eighth day after the Resurrection the Lord appeared to the
Apostle Thomas and shew His wounds. "My Lord and my God" – cried out
the holy apostle (Jn. 20: 28). "Thomas, being once weaker in faith than
the other apostles, – says Saint John Chrysostom, – toiled through the grace
of God more bravely, more zealously and tirelessly than them all, such that he
went preaching almost over nearly all the earth, not fearing to announce the
Word of God to savage nations". According to Church Tradition, the holy
apostle Thomas founded Christian churches in Palestine, Mesopotamia, Parthia,
Ethiopia and India. Preaching the Gospel earned the apostle a martyr's death.
For having converted the wife and son of the governor of the Indian city of
Meliapur (Melipur), the holy apostle was locked up in prison, suffered torture,
and finally, having been pierced with five spears, he expired to the Lord. Part
of the relics of the holy Apostle Thomas are in India, in Hungary and on Athos.
With the name of the Apostle Thomas is connected the Arabian (or Arapet) Icon
of the Mother of God (Comm. 6 September).
© 1996-2001 by translator Fr. S. Janos.