Commemorated on February 1
The Martyr Tryphon
was born in one of the districts of Asia Minor – Phrygia, not far from the
city of Apameia in the village of Kampsada. From his early years the Lord
granted him the power to cast out devils and to heal various maladies. The
inhabitants of his native city were once saved by him from starvation: Saint
Tryphon by the power of his prayer forced back a plague of locusts that were
devouring the bread grain and devastating the fields. Saint Tryphon gained
particular fame by casting out a devil from the daughter of the Roman emperor
Gordian (238-244). Helping everyone in distress, he asked but one fee – faith
in Jesus Christ, by Whose grace he healed them.
When the emperor
Decius (249-251) entered upon the imperial throne, there was a fierce
persecution of Christians. A denunciation was made to the commander Akelinos
that Saint Tryphon was bolding preaching faith in Christ and that he led many
to Baptism. The saint was arrested and subjected to interrogation, at the time
of which he fearlessly confessed his faith. They subjected him to harsh
tortures: they beat at him with clubs, lacerated his body with iron hooks, they
seared the wounds with fire, and led him through the city, having hammered iron
nails into his feet. Saint Tryphon bravely endured all the torments, not giving
out a single whimper. Finally, he was condemned to beheading with a sword. The
holy martyr prayed before the execution, thanking God for strengthening him in
his sufferings, and he besought of the Lord in particular to bless those who
should call upon his name for help. Just as the soldiers suspended the sword
over the head of the holy martyr, he placed his soul into the hands of God.
This event occurred in the city of Nicea in the year 250. Christians wound the
holy body of the martyr in a clean shroud and wanted to bury him in the city of
Nicea, in which he suffered, but Saint Tryphon in a vision commanded them to
take his body to his native land to the village of Kampsada. This was done.
Later on the relics
of Saint Tryphon were transferred to Constantinople, and then to Rome. The holy
martyr is accorded great veneration in the Russian Orthodox Church.
There exists a
legend, that during the reign of tsar Ivan the Terrible at the time of an
imperial hunt, a gerfalcon beloved by the tsar flew off. The tsar ordered the
falconer Tryphon Patrikeev to find the flown off bird. The falconer Tryphon
journeyed about through the surrounding forest, but without luck. On the third
day, exhausted by long searching, he returned to Moscow to the place now called
Mar'ina Grove, and in weariness he lay down to rest, fervently praying to his
patron saint – the Martyr Tryphon, beseeching him for help. In a dream he saw
a youth on a white horse, holding on his hand the imperial gerfalcon, and this
youth said: "Take back the lost bird, go with God to the tsar and be not
aggrieved about it". Having awakened, the falconer actually spotted the
gerfalcon not far off on a pine tree. He then took it to the tsar and told
about the miraculous help, received by him from the holy Martyr Tryphon. After
a certain while the falconer Tryphon Patrikeev built a chapel on the spot where
the saint appeared, and later on also there was a church in the name of the
holy Martyr Tryphon.
© 1996-2001 by translator Fr. S. Janos.