Commemorated on July 12
The Holy Martyress
Golinducha, in Baptism Mary, lived in Persia during the reign of Chosroes I
the Elder. She was the wife of the chief magician of the Persian empire.
Endowed with a lucid mind, Golinducha perceived the falseness of the pagan
wisdom, and she pondered much about what the true faith might be. Having
learned about the existence of Christianity, she very much wanted to learn what
it taught. Soon through the providence of God, her wish was fulfilled. In sleep
an Angel showed Golinducha the place of torment of sinners and the paradise, in
which dwell the believers in Christ, the True God. After this dream she began
fervently to pray to the True God, so that He might help her become a
Christian. The Angel of God directed Golinducha to a Christian priest, from
whom she received holy Baptism with the name Mary.
After Baptism she
left her magician-husband, and he made complaint to the emperor Chosroes. The
emperor himself, and dignitaries sent by him, and illustrious women all urged
Golinducha to return to her husband. For her decisive refusal the emperor
sentenced her to be locked up in life imprisonment. In prison Saint
Mary-Golinducha spent 18 years.
During the reign of
the successor of the emperor Chosroes, his son Ormisdas, in Persia there had
arrived an ambassador of the Byzantine emperor Mauricius, – Aristoboulos.
Having learned, that for many years already Mary the Christian was languishing
in prison, Aristoboulos with the permission of the emperor repeatedly visited
her in prison and taught her to sing the Psalms of David. After the departure
of Aristoboulos, Ormisdas gave orders to present Saint Mary-Golinducha before
him and for a long time he tortured her, subjecting her to all sorts of
beatings and torments. But in all the torments through the intercession of God
the saint was preserved unharmed. When they gave her over for defilement, the
Lord made her invisible to the impious and preserved her purity. Finally the
emperor gave orders to cut off the head of the martyress, but the Lord sheltered
her from the hand of the executioner and brought her to Christians living in
When the persecution
against Christians in Persia ceased during the reign of Chosroes II, – who
occupied the throne with the help of the Byzantine emperor Mauricius, Saint
Mary-Golinducha began openly to preach the Christian faith.
At the end of her
life Saint Mary made pilgrimage to Jerusalem, where she prayed at the tomb of
the Lord and other holy places. On the return journey she died (+ 591) in the
church of the holy Martyr Sergios at Niziba.
© 1996-2001 by translator Fr. S. Janos.