Commemorated on January 4
(Assemblage) of the Seventy Disciples ("Apostles") was
established by the Orthodox Church so as to indicate the equal honour of each
of the Seventy, and to avert dissonance in their veneration. [Translator Note:
Russian idiomatic useage refers both to the "12" and to the
"70" as "Apostle"; whereas English idiomatic useage refers
to the "12" as "Apostle" and to the "70" as
"Disciple".] They were chosen by the Lord Jesus Christ, in order to
evangelise the Gospel to all the world.
celebration of the Sobor (Assemblage) of the Holy Disciples, the Church
celebrates the memory of each of them during the course of the year: the
Disciple James, Brother of the Lord (23 October); Mark the Evangelist (25
April); Luke the Evangelist (18 October); Cleopas, brother of Joseph the
Betrothed, and Simeon his son (27 April); Barnabas (11 June); Josiah, or
Joseph, named Barsaba or Justus (30 October); Thaddeus (21 August); Ananias (1
October); Stephen, Archdeacon (27 December); Philip from the 7 Deacons (11
October); Prochoros from the 7 Deacons (28 July); Nikanor from the 7 Deacons
(28 July and 28 December); Timon from the 7 Deacons (28 July and
30 December); Parmenas from the 7 Deacons (28 June); Timothy (22 January);
Titus (25 August); Philemon (22 November and 19 February); Onysimos (15
February); Epaphrasos and Archippos (22 November and 19 February); Silas,
Sylvanus, Criscentus or Criscus (30 July); Crispus and Epenetos (30 July);
Andronikos (17 May and 30 July); Stakhias, Amplias, Urban, Narcissos, Apellias
(31 October); Aristoboulos (31 October and 16 March); Herodion or Rodion (8
April and 10 November); Ahab, Rufus, Asinkritos, Phlegontos (8 April); Hermas
(5 November and 31 May); Patrobus (5 November); Hermias (8 April); Linus,
Caius, Philologos (5 November); Lucius (10 September); Jason (28 April);
Sosipater (28 April and 10 November); Olympos or Olympanus (10 November);
Tercias (30 October and 10 November); Herastos, Quartus (10 November);
Evodus (7 September); Onysiphoros (7 September and 8 December); Clement (25
November); Sosthenes (8 December); Apollos (10 September and 8 December);
Tykhikos, Epaphrodites (8 December); Carpus (26 May); Codratus
(21 September); Mark who is John, Zeno (27 September); Aristarchus (15
April and 27 September); Pudas, Trophymos (15 April); Mark nephew of
Barnabas, Artemis (30 October); Aquila (14 July); Fortunatus, Achaecus (4
With the Descent of
the Holy Spirit the disciples preached in various lands. Some accompanied the
Apostles from the 12, like the holy Evangelists Mark and Luke, or the companion
of the holy Apostle Paul – Timothy, or the disciple of the holy Evangelist
John the Theologian – Prochoros, and others. Many of them were thrown into
prison for Christ, and many received the crown of a martyr's death.
To the 70 Disciples
are enumerated yet two – the holy Disciple Cephas, to whom the Lord appeared
after the Resurrection (1 Cor. 15: 5-6), and Simeon, by nickname Niger (Acts
13:1), wherefore they also were glorified by apostolic preaching.
The Church in
particular venerates and praises the 70 Disciples in that they taught to honour
the Trinity One-in-Essence and Un-Divided.
In the IX Century the
Orthodox Church received from Joseph the Melodist the Kanon for the Day of the
Sobor (Assemblage) of the 70 Disciples of Christ.
Areopagite and Simeon Niger. The account about them is located under 3
October and 27 April.
© 1996-2001 by translator Fr. S. Janos.