The Sobor / Assemblage of Novgorod Sainted-Hierarchs

Commemorated on February 10 and on the 3rd Sunday of Pentecost

      The Sobor / Assemblage of Novgorod Sainted-Hierarchs is celebrated, besides 10 February, also on 4 October and on the 3rd Sunday after Pentecost. On 4 October 1439 Sainted John (+ 1186, Comm. 7 September) appeared to the then presiding Sainted-hierarch Evphymii (+ 1458, Comm. 14 March) and ordered him to establish a special panikhida in memory of those buried, at the Sophia cathedral, among the Russian princes and Novgorod archbishops and all the Orthodox Christians on the day of memory of the priest-martyr Hierotheos, Bishop of Athens. There was then uncovered the incorrupt relics of Sainted John (the account about whom is located under 7 September). Afterwards, as a measure of the glorification of the Novgorod hierarchs, there was established on the day the Sobor /Assemblage. E. E. Golubinsky writes about these sainted-hierarchs to the effect that, the time of their glorification remaining unknown, that he determined the date of their in-common celebration to the period between the time of the Moscow Sobor / Council of 1549 to the time of the formation of the Holy Synod (E. E. Golubinsky. History of the Canonisation of Saints in the Russian Church. M(oscow), 1903, p. 157).
      In the Sobor / Assemblage of Novgorod Sainted-hierarchs is included: Sainted Joakim of Korsun, first bishop of Novgorod (988-1030); Sainted Luke the Jewish, bishop (1030, 1035? - 1060, + 15 October 1060); Sainted German, bishop (1078-1096); Sainted Arkadii, bishop (1157-1162, Comm. 18 September); Sainted Grigorii, archbishop (1187-1193, + 24 May 1193); Sainted Martyrii, archbishop (1193-1199, + 24 August 1199); Sainted Antonii, archbishop (1212-1220, 1226-1228; + 8 October 1231); Sainted Vasilii the Lame, archbishop (1331-1352, + 3 July 1352); Sainted Simeon, archbishop (1416-1421, + 15 June 1421); Sainted Gennadii, archbishop (1484-1504, Comm. 4 December); Sainted Pimen, archbishop (1553-1571); Aphonii, metropolitan (1635-1648, + 6 April 1653). The relics of these saints were buried or transferred to the Novgorod Sophia Cathedral (except for Saint German, Saint Gennadii and Saint Pimen, wherefore in some sources their names are not named amongst the Sobor).
      The 4 October celebration was established in connection with the memory of the holy nobleborn prince Vladimir Yaroslavich of Novgorod (+ 1052), and the 10 February Sobor of Sainted-hierarchs is celebrated in connection with the holy nobleborn princess Anna of Novgorod (+ 1056). Besides those mentioned, sainted-hierarchs that have separate commemorations are: Sainted Nikita the Hermit, bishop (+ 1108, Comm. 31 January); Sainted Nyphontii, bishop (+ 1156, Comm. 8 April); Sainted John, archbishop (+1187, Comm. 7 September); Sainted Theoktist, archbishop (+1310, Comm. 23 December); Sainted Moisei, archbishop (+ 1362, Comm. 25 January); Sainted Evphymii, archbishop (+ 1458, Comm. 11 March); Sainted Jona, archbishop (+ 1470, Comm. 5 November); Sainted Serapion, archbishop (+ 1516, Comm. 16 March).

1996-2001 by translator Fr. S. Janos.

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